They are two kinds of the Cannabis sativa plant,
Hemp and Marijuana, both produce chemical compounds called Cannabinoids.
It is thought that cannabinoids are responsible for protecting cannabis plants against damaging UV rays from the sun. They are also thought to protect the plants against insect grazing. The resinous nature of the cannabinoid cocktail means that it sticks in the mouths of insects who attempt to eat the plant. The terpenes and flavonoids occurring alongside cannabinoids are strong in flavour, and this also contributes to protection against insects.
Although there are many cannabinoids, we will mention two, the most important. CBD and THC.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of dozens of non-psychoactive cannabinoids found in the hemp plant.
CBD and other cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds that display potent anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties. They can promote the body’s healthy regulation of the central nervous, immune, and endocannabinoid systems.
CBD appears to reduce inflammation – leading to pain relief, among other things. It’s also been implicated in fighting anxiety, depression, rheumatoid arthritis, stress, and dozens of other problems people face on a daily basis.
You might be surprised to learn that your body makes its own cannabinoids, called endocannabinoids and has cannabinoid receptors, some related to inflammation and pain.
Researchers once thought the CBD in products attached to these receptors, but now they suspect CBD helps your body use its own endocannabinoids more effectively.
Another popular cannabinoids that you might have heard of is Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
CBD and THC are very similar, but the microscopic difference has made the two vastly different from each other.
One of the great differences that CBD has from THC is that while THC is known and commonly used because it gets you “high”, CBD does not give that “high”, psychoactive effect.
CBD oil is completely legal because it contains very little THC. To be legal, it must have no more than 0.2 percent of THC.
When cannabis is grown with high levels of THC, it is commonly referred to as marijuana and so has psychoactive effects. This makes it illegal in most countries.
How It’s Extracted?
There are three major ways of extracting CBD from the cannabis plant: Alcohol, Oil and Supercritical CO2 extraction.
Alcohol extraction involves steeping the seeds, stems, and flower parts of the hemp plant in a high-alcohol solution, or pure alcohol. The mixture is heated, and the whole spectrum of cannabinoids is leached out of the plant material and into the liquid. This method is cheap and relatively simple.
Oil extraction works in a similar way to alcohol extraction. Plant parts rich in CBD are fully submerged in a liquid, this time an edible oil. The oil can be olive, coconut, grapeseed, or a range of others. Again, like alcohol extraction, oil extraction extracts a full spectrum of cannabinoid compounds, and is easy to do, and inexpensive.
In more recent years, a small number of companies have perfected the art of supercritical CO2 extraction of CBD.
CO2 stands for carbon dioxide, a common gas in the atmosphere. CO2 is super cooled, and then used to dissolve the CBD out of the plant material. This method is costly and complicated but allows these manufacturers to produce up to 99% pure CBD.
CBD vs. Hemp Oil
Whilst they are similar in some ways, it is important to know the difference between CBD and Hemp Oil, especially as a consumer. When buying hemp or CBD products, you want to be sure you know what you’re getting, but with websites and companies using the terms interchangeably it can become confusing. Below is our easy-to-read guide, which will hopefully make things a little bit clearer.
What is Hemp Oil?
Hemp oil, of course, comes from the hemp plant (a variant of the cannabis plant that doesn’t get you high) and it is typically extracted from the seeds which can contain as much as 50% of their weight in oil. Hemp oil can be made from the seed of any plant in the cannabis family however industrial hemp is the only plant used for hemp oil. For the most part these seeds are typically used for their nutritional value and the amount of psychoactive substance contained in them is minimal (typically <0.3%).
Uses of Hemp Oil
Due to its low amount of saturated fats, hemp oil has found a spot in many kitchens. It is great for cooking, full of nutrients and can add a crispy and nutty taste to foods ( It can work as a great salad dressing). It is also being used as a main ingredient in a myriad of health products, from shampoos to conditioners and soap, with producers taking advantage of its high vitamin E content. Ideal for replenishing the body and protecting it from free radicals. Additionally, hemp oil can be used as a base for different forms of plastic, instead of petroleum.
What is CBD Oil
CBD is short for the term cannabidiol and is a natural component of hemp, the oil is extracted from the stalks, leaves and buds of the hemp plant which has a significant content of cannabidiol.
Due to varied methods of extraction some CBD products contain both THC and CBD however the amount of THC in these products is strictly limited and reflects doses and concentrations permitted by the pharmaceutical standards.
Uses of CBD oil
The resulting cannabidiol oil is rich in CBD and low in THC, it is ideal for those seeking the medical benefits without the psychoactive effects. The oil can be used in the treatment of cancer and can act as an anti-inflammatory. Additionally, CBD oil has been shown to improve symptoms in anxiety, depression, neurodegenerative disorders, and seizures. It is also used in the treatment of epilepsy.
What’s The Difference?
The main distinction between hemp oil and CBD oil is the variety of plant that they are derived from and what part of the plants are used.
Typically hemp oil contains low levels of CBD – “less than 25 parts per million”- whilst CBD oil can be up to 15% CBD. Both oils hold a place in our daily health routines but it is important to remember they do have their differences.
Whilst CBD is emerging as a medicine with many applications and the science to back it up, hemp oil is packed full of nutrients and is making its way into the world as a great food or supplement.
As CBD is a primary cannabinoid used to treat a range of minor to serious medical conditions, it is important that those seeking therapeutic products know the difference between hemp and CBD. Although these two products are technically derived from the same species of plant, their content and uses are unique.
As well as being used as part of people’s daily diets, scientific research suggests that CBD hemp oil can also be used to treat a variety of conditions such as anxiety, chronic pain and skin conditions.
We always recommend checking with your doctor before starting any new supplement. This is especially important if you are taking doctor-prescribed medications.
Choose how to take a CBD
CBD can enter the body through the digestive system, with a little preparation. Some products, such as softgels, edibles are prepared in such a way that the CBD they contain can be easily absorbed by your digestive tract. This makes it nice and simple to get your CBD dose.
Sublingual administration is a fancy medical term which means holding something under your tongue. Your tongue has a lot of blood vessels, which makes it easy for things held under your tongue to be absorbed into the bloodstream. CBD oils, can all be taken by placing a few drops under the tongue and holding it there for about 90 seconds before swallowing.
Some products containing CBD are designed to be applied directly to your skin. This way the CBD does not enter the bloodstream, but rather is absorbed by the skin itself wherever it is applied. This is perfect for localised applications. Various products exist, but the most common of this type are balm and lotions or bath bombs. Some companies also include it in everyday products including skincare
Last but certainly not least, CBD can be inhaled using a vaporiser. A vaporiser will heat the CBD oil or infused E-Liquid just enough to vaporise it, avoiding the hazardous byproducts of combusting. CBD taken this way enters the bloodstream directly via the lungs. Since it doesn’t have to make its way through your stomach or liver, it enters your system much faster than by other methods, and is by far the most efficient method of consuming CBD.
Once you find your optimal CBD method and dosage, be aware that it may change if you switch products. Some manufacturers are less trustworthy than others, so different CBD sources may have different effects.
So how do you figure out how much CBD is in a dropper?
Typically a dropper holds 1 ML of liquid. You can use this simple formula to determine how much CBD is in its dropper:
Total CBD in Bottle ÷ Number of Millilitres in Bottle = MGs of CBD in a Dropper
For example: a 30ml CBD tincture that has 1500MG of CBD:
1500 ÷ 30 = 50MG of CBD per dropper
Is CBD Safe for Pets?
The endocannabinoid systems work to regulate certain function such as pain, mood, sleep, appetite, and immunity.
All of our bodies, as well as our pets bodies, have naturally produced cannabinoids called endocannabinoids.
Therefore, when you or your furry companion consumes a cannabis product such as CBD oil, you are supplementing your endocannabinoid system.
The benefits of CBD for pets and humans are very similar.